moreover,  however,  thus  接続副詞の使い方。


特に so や yet は本来 and so,  and yet というふうに等位接続詞と一緒に使われますが and を消して単独で使われることも多いので、結果を表す so that の that を省略したものと形が同じなので混同しがちです。

接続副詞の so 「それゆえ、だから」なのか、so that 「その結果」なのかは文脈をよく読んで判断しなければなりません。




1.「付加」besides, moreover, also, furthermore(さらに、そのうえ)then(それから)

She is supporting her two younger brothers, besides her sick parents.

Through martial arts, I want to train my physical strength, f
urthermore, my spirit.

2.「例」merely(すなわち), that is (to say)(つまり),
for instance(たとえば)

Don’t give him importance, merely he is rich.

He’s a politician who will do favors for that country, that is to say he’s a spy.

3.「因果」consequently(それゆえ), hence(したがって), so, thus, therefore(それゆえ、だから)

At that time, the military bought a large amount of rice in anticipation of the Siberian invasion, consequently, the price of rice skyrocketed.

They could not find any conclusive evidence that he was the culprit. Thus, he was not charged.


4.「逆説」nevertheless(それにもかかわらず), still, yet(それでもなお),

※複合関係副詞の however と区別する。

His experiments had failed at every turn. Nonetheless, he continued to believe in the hypothesis.

You may visit my office on Monday, however, I’ll be away on a business trip.


5.「結果」otherwise, or else(さもないと)

※仮定法を導く otherwise と区別する。

Practice as hard as you can. otherwise, the juniors will overtake you.

I ran to school as fast as I could, otherwise I would have been late.

Hurry up and submit your reports, or else you won’t be able to get the credits and you won’t be able to graduate.